Exception in favour of the blind and visually impaired
Last week, the Government of Slovenia approved the new Proposal of the Act on the Changes and Amendments of the Copyright and Related Rights Act (ZASP), that is currently under discussion in the Parliament. The Amending Act transposes the Directive 2017/1564 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 September 2017 on certain permitted uses of certain works and other subject matter protected by copyright and related rights for the benefit of persons who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise print-disabled, that was to be transposed already in October 2018.
Novelties for the blind, the visually impaired or otherwise print-disabled (beneficiary persons):
– An exception in favour of people with disabilities (Article 48.a ZASP) now explicitly mentions also beneficiary persons and broadens the scope of permitted actions that do not require the authorization of the author: reproduction, including necessary non-substantive adjustments, distribution and communication to the public (which is broader than the public recitation) of the published works. The right of transformation that would permit also substantial modifications is not envisaged as some stakeholders have proposed. Also the condition that “work used is not available in the desired form” has been deleted and this will facilitate the exception in favour of people with disabilities.
– The exchange and dissemination of works in accessible formats on the internal market will be taken care of by authorized entities which will have some obligations. Amongst others, those entities will have to prevent violations and in order to do that they will be to require that the persons with disabilities formally prove their disability. In line with the proposal, the exchange of works in accessible form is not permitted between beneficiary persons.
– The terms beneficiary persons, works for beneficiary persons, work in accessible format and authorized entity are defined similarly as in the Directive 2017/1564.
Also, there have been some minor changes in relation to offenses (the fines are now in euros, fixed in range, sole proprietors can also be fined, etc.).
On 23rd of November, 2021, the European Commission has published two reports in the field of copyright, as required by Directives 2014/26/EU (CRM Directive) and 2019/790 (DSM Directive). They are supported by two studies: Study on emerging issues on collective licensing management in the digital environment, and Study on selected issues relating to the application of the CRM Directive.
A new book “Law and Artificial Intelligence: Issues of Ethics, Human Rights and Social Harm” was published (Institute of Criminology at the Faculty of law in Ljubljana, 2021), the editors of which are prof. dr. Aleš Završnik and dr. Katja Simončič. The author of one of the articles is also dr. Maja Bogataj Jančič, LL.M., LL.M., who wrote an article on the topic of whether artificial intelligence can be an author of a copyright work.
Jožef Štefan Institute is organising GO-DIP workshop series, first of them coming on November 19th, 2021 is revolving around software IP and data agreements. The GO-DIP project aims to increase the competencies of knowledge generators and intermediaries. At 15.10 dr. Maja Bogataj Jančič, LL.M., LL.M. will be lecturing in the Workshop: Development of a checklist for model digital IP agreements. Welcome!
2nd GPAI Summit will occur from 11-12 November, 2021 in Paris, France. Leading international AI experts from civil society, academia, industry and governments, including ministerial-level delegates from GPAI’s Membership, will come together for GPAI’s annual event. This public-facing event will include reporting on the ten Working Groups’ study topics, including the reporting of Data Governance Working Group (DG WG). Public conferences will be broadcasted live on GPAI’s Youtube channel. Welcome!