Germany set a standard on implementation of Art. 17 of the DSM directive
On 19 of May, 2021, the German Bundestag adopted the law implementing the provisions of the DSM directive into German law. The German implementation law is one of the most ambitious implementations of the DSM directive especially with regards to the way it implements the provisions of the controversial Art. 17 of the DSM directive, and it is also the first law that contains an actual mechanism that the platforms can implement.
The implementation of Art. 17 of the DSM directive will contain an ex ante mechanism designed to ensure that the use of upload filters do not result in the blocking of user uploads which do not infringe copyright. This is in accordance with Art. 17(7) of the DSM Directive. The German implementation relies on the concept of “uses presumably authorised by law”, which must not be blocked automatically. According to the concept, in order for an upload to be “presumably authorised by law” and not blocked automatically, it needs to fulfil the following cumulative criteria:
The use must consist of less than 50% of the original protected work,
The use must combine the parts of the work with other content, and
The use must be minor (a non-commercial use of less than 15 seconds of audio or video, 160 characters of text or 125 kB of graphics) or, if it generates significant revenues or exceeds these thresholds, the user must flag it as being covered by an exception.
You can read more about the implementation of the DSM Directive here.
German implementation certainly sets a new standard for transposing the DSM directive into national legal orders. It will be interesting to see whether other countries, including Slovenia, will take German implementation as an example and whether they will take the courage to implement the DSM directive before the adoption of the guidelines by the European Commission, and implement it by 7 June 2021.
On 23 September 2021, AG Hogan delivered his Opinion in the C-433/20 Austro-Mechana case which concerns the exception and limitation of copyright from Article 5(2)(b) of the Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (InfoSoc Directive), specifically in regards to the private copying exception. The AG suggests that the private copyright exception applies in the cloud, but a separate levy may not be payable.
Today, on the October 8th, 2021, 55 organizations signed and sent the letter to Delegations, supporting the Wikimedia Foundation’ application for observer status at World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The latter is a response to Chinas blocking of the Wikimedia Foundation’s bid for observer status at the WIPO for the second time after the Foundation’s initial application in 2020. The signatories of the latter, including Intellectual Property Institute (IPI), called on Delegations to do everything in their power to facilitate admission of the Wikimedia Foundation at the next series of meetings of the WIPO Assemblies, without any further delays.
On the 29th of September, 2021, UNESCO held the OER Dynamic Coalition Webinar, which highlighted the importance of harnessing Open Educational Resources (OER) to strengthen access to information in the context of the International Day for Universal Access to Information (IDUAI) 2021 celebrations. The webinar explored perspectives on regulatory frameworks related to copyright for educational materials. In this respect, dr. Maja Bogataj Jančič, LL.M., LL.M. presented a study on Remote education during the pandemic – Teachers’ Perspective conducted in seven countries.
A Proposal to leverage Article 17 to build a public repository of Public Domain and openly licensed works
Julia Reda (Gesellschaft für Freiheitsrechte) and Paul Keller (Open Future) have recently published a white paper, that proposes to build a public repository of Public Domain and openly licensed works, and to use Article 17 of the DSM Directive as leverage to create such a repository. The white paper was presented on Tuesday during the “Protecting Open Licenses in the EU Copyright Reform” session at the Creative Commons global summit.