Marrakesh Treaty adopted
On 27 June 2013, the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled was adopted.
The contracting parties are required to adopt national law provisions that permit the reproduction, distribution and making available of published works in accessible formats with the purpose to make those works accessible to the blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled. These exceptions must provide that the works are accessible in alternative forms such as Braille, large print text and audio books.
After the implementation of the treaty into national legislations, the authorized entities will be able to, without the previous authorization of the right holder, create a copy of the work, get the copy of the work in the accessible format by other authorized entities and forward those copies to beneficiaries.
The treaty also enables the cross-border exchange of copyright works. The authorized entities will be able to, without the authorization of the right holder, distribute and make available to the beneficiaries of published works in accessible formats though authorized entities in other member states, under the condition that they themselves distribute to other authorized entities and beneficiaries.
The Slovenian copyright legislation has a copyright exception for persons with disability, but this exception is very narrow and allows the free use of copyright works only in rare cases. The Marrakesh Treaty represents a big milestone in copyright exceptions and limitation, especially for the access of the blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled.
The Treaty would unify the exceptions in all the signatories and would facilitate the cooperation between the countries with the possibility of a cross-border exchange of copyright works in accessible formats. With this the blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled would get the access to much more works, while the costs of organization of the access would reduce because of the possible exchange.
Also, the protection of copyright works and their right holders would remain as their works will be transferred through authorized entities and only to beneficiaries, therefore reducing the possibility of misuse.
On 23rd of November, 2021, the European Commission has published two reports in the field of copyright, as required by Directives 2014/26/EU (CRM Directive) and 2019/790 (DSM Directive). They are supported by two studies: Study on emerging issues on collective licensing management in the digital environment, and Study on selected issues relating to the application of the CRM Directive.
A new book “Law and Artificial Intelligence: Issues of Ethics, Human Rights and Social Harm” was published (Institute of Criminology at the Faculty of law in Ljubljana, 2021), the editors of which are prof. dr. Aleš Završnik and dr. Katja Simončič. The author of one of the articles is also dr. Maja Bogataj Jančič, LL.M., LL.M., who wrote an article on the topic of whether artificial intelligence can be an author of a copyright work.
Jožef Štefan Institute is organising GO-DIP workshop series, first of them coming on November 19th, 2021 is revolving around software IP and data agreements. The GO-DIP project aims to increase the competencies of knowledge generators and intermediaries. At 15.10 dr. Maja Bogataj Jančič, LL.M., LL.M. will be lecturing in the Workshop: Development of a checklist for model digital IP agreements. Welcome!
2nd GPAI Summit will occur from 11-12 November, 2021 in Paris, France. Leading international AI experts from civil society, academia, industry and governments, including ministerial-level delegates from GPAI’s Membership, will come together for GPAI’s annual event. This public-facing event will include reporting on the ten Working Groups’ study topics, including the reporting of Data Governance Working Group (DG WG). Public conferences will be broadcasted live on GPAI’s Youtube channel. Welcome!